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Wyoming State Guide

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Wyoming has connected Ohio River to points northSince Native American times, Wyoming has connected Ohio River to points north. Wyoming is located in the Mill Creek Valley. Settlers developed Springfield Pike which later became Wyoming in the early 1800s. In the late 1820, the completion of Erie and Miami Canal brought growth and development into that community. Many Lockland factory decided to stay back in Wyoming [1].

History of Wyoming

Wyoming has history of about 12000 years old for settlers. These settlers were Eden Valley, 8,000 years ago, Folsom, 10,000 years ago and Clovis, 12,000 years ago. There were many occupations with a mixed gathering and hunting economy. The Plains Indians were known as nomadic tribes in the history related to Indians. They were the Shoshone, Nez Perce, Gros Ventre, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Arikara, Arapaho, Bannock, Crow, Kiowa, Sheep Eater, Sioux, and Ute tribes.

Wyoming got early settlement due to European travelers and their love for beaver top hats. Well known among the explorers trappers and traders to first visit the Wyoming region were Jedediah Smith, Davey Jackson, Jim Bridger and Kit Carson.

Wyoming is also known as the Wyoming is also known as the "Equality State" because of the rights given to women here. Wyoming women were the first in the nation to get rights to vote and get nominated for various public offices.

In 1888, Territorial Assembly sent Congress a petition to get into Union. Bills were introduced in both houses of Congress, but did not pass. Legislation didn't pass bill for Wyoming statehood, Governor Francis E. Warren and others decided to continue as if an "enabling act" had passed. On July 8, 1889, Wyoming Territory held an election of delegates to Wyoming's one and only Constitutional Convention. In September 1889, 49 men gathered in Cheyenne during September, 1889, and wrote the constitution. The voters approved the document November 5, 1889, by a vote of 6,272 to 1,923.

Bills were introduced in both the U.S. Senate and House in December, 1889 for Wyoming statehood. On March 27, 1890, the House passed the bill . President Benjamin Harrison passed Wyoming's statehood bill, and Wyoming became 44th state.

Wyoming's State Capitol resembling the National Capitol in Washington D.C. is located in the heart of Cheyenne. The bill was again passed for the construction of the building in 1886, and on May 18, 1887, the cornerstone was laid.

The building's foundation flagstone was laid near Fort Collins, Colorado, 45 miles south of Cheyenne. The interior is finished in oak, cherry and butternut woods. They depict pioneer life, law, industry and transportation [1].

Historic Sites

Oregon Trail Ruts

The site provide resemblance to old Oregon Trail The site provide resemblance to old Oregon Trail and is located near Guernsey. It is also known as the "signature ruts". Many renowned oxen hooves and wagon wheels passed during the emigration period of the mid-1800s.

Ft. Fred Steele

The fort later played an important role in protection of railroad tie industry and local settlers. It was established to protect crews working on the transcontinental railroad. It also served as railroad town and a stopping point on the old Lincoln Highway.

South Pass City

The discovery of gold in 1867 led to the establishment of South Pass City. Residents led the successful fight to grant women the right to vote and hold political office, making Wyoming the first official government in the world to grant women's suffrage.

Ft. Laramie

In 1849, the U.S. military bought this Fort as a base to protect and supply the growing emigration on the trails. It later became a major connecting route in the Overland Stage Line, Pony Express and the transcontinental telegraph systems and served as a base of operations for the High Plains Indian Wars.

Independence Rock

Thousands of westbound emigrants scratched their names on the surface of Independence Mark. This site was a well known landmark on the Oregon Trail and is situated Fifty miles southwest of Casper.

Ft. Bridger

From trade post in the earlier times, fort later became the town of Fort Bridger. It is the only town in Wyoming with direct roots to the earliest days of the Oregon Trail.

Ft. Phil Kearny

This fort is famous for some dramatic incidents which happened here during the time of Indian wars. The sites closer to it were also became famous due to their involvement in the war.

Ft. Caspar

The site was the only way which Pioneer had to cross when they arrived from Nebraska. Ft Casper was given the name after the martyr Lt. Caspar Collins who was killed during Indian attack while protecting a supply train.

Wyoming Territorial Prison

The prison was built for the criminals of the state when the Wyoming was newly became state. The prison has now been converted to the well known museum presenting details of Wyoming's western past.

Geography of Wyoming

Wyoming is located in the Rocky Mountain section of the western United States. It is bounded on the north by Montana, on the south by Colorado and Utah, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, and on the west by Utah, Idaho and Montana. It is made up of 23 counties and is the ninth largest state in the United States containing 97,914 square miles.[2].

The Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming. The state is a great plateau broken by a number of important mountain ranges. In the northeast, the Black Hills, in the northwest are the Gros Ventre, Wind River, Owl Creek, Absaroka, Wyoming and the Teton ranges, in the north central are the Big Horns; and in the southern portion of Wyoming, Medicine Bow, the Laramie and Sierra Madre ranges.

Wyoming Topography

Wyoming's mean elevation is about 6,700 feet above sea level.Wyoming's mean elevation is about 6,700 feet above sea level.Wyoming’s astounding features are its majestic high plains and mountains. The northeast corner where the Belle Fourche River that passes through the State line into South Dakota is the lowest point, 3,125 feet. The average elevation over the southern part of the State is about over 6,000 feet even when the mountains are excluded, while much of the northern portion is some 2,500 feet lower. The highest point is Gannett Peak at 13,785 feet. There are several mountain ranges, but the mountains themselves cover less area than the high plains. The mountain ranges works effectively to control the air currents moving in from the Pacific Ocean to rise and reduce much of their moisture. [2].

Wyoming's Climate

Wyoming has a relatively cool climate due to its elevation. The warmest parts of the State are the lower elevations of the central and northeast portions, the lower portions of portions of the Big Horn Basin, and along the east border. The average maximum temperature is 9 F at Basin in July. The highest recorded temperature was 114 F on July 12, 1900, at Basin in the Big Horn Basin. Some places in the mountains at about the 9,000 foot level have temperature close to 70 F average maximums in July. The mean minimum temperature in July ranges from 50 to 60 F. The coldest month generally, man minimum temperatures range mostly from 5 to 10 F in January. The record low for the State is -66 F observed February 9, 1933, at Yellowstone Park [2].

Forests in Wyoming

Ashley National Forest‎

Ashley National Forest is located in northeastern Utah and Wyoming. This area is great for recreational activities and also offers quiet solitude, as well as access to the highest peak in Utah, Kings Peak.

Contact Details
Ashley National Forest
355 North Vernal Avenue
Vernal, UT 84078
Visit the website

Bighorn National Forest‎

Bighorn Mountains is located in north-central Wyoming and Rocky Mountains. It is situated halfway between Yellowstone National Park and Mt. Rushmore. The Bighorns is a great vacation destination with so much to offer.

Contact Details
Bighorn National Forest
2013 Eastside 2nd Street
Sheridan, WY 82801
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Black Hills National Forest

The Black Hills are in western South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming. There are wonderful views like open grassland parks, many rugged rock formations, tumbling streams, canyons and gulches, and deep blue lakes.

Contact Details
Black Hills National Forest
1019 N. 5th Street
Custer, SD 57730
Visit the website

Bridger-Teton National Forest‎

The forest is located in Western Wyoming, the Bridger-Teton National Forest consists a wide part of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem - the largest ecosystem in the lower 48 United States.

Contact Details
Bridger-Teton National Forest
340 N. Cache
P.O. Box 1888
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Caribou-Targhee National Forest‎

The Caribou-Targhee National Forest stretches from the Montana, across southeastern Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming borders. This Forest is also home to the Curlew National Grassland.

Contact Details
Caribou-Targhee National Forest
1405 Hollipark Drive
Idaho Falls, ID 83401
(208) 524-7500
Visit the website

Medicine Bow National Forest‎

The national forests and national grassland provide abundant and unique opportunities for visitors from mountain ranges to grasslands and crystal clear streams.

Contact Details
Medicine Bow-Routt
National Forests,
Thunder Basin
National Grassland
2468 Jackson Street
Laramie, WY 82070
Visit the website

Wyoming Fast facts [6]

  • Capital: Cheyenne
  • Nickname:Big Wyoming, Cowboy State, Equality State
  • Motto: Equal Rights
  • Admitted to Union: July 10, 1890 - 44th State
  • Size: 7,914 square miles, 9th largest state
  • Highest Point: Gannett Peak, 13,804 feet
  • Lowest Point: 3,100 feet Belle Fourche River
  • Average Annual Precipitation: 14.5 inches
  • Population (2010 Census): 563,626

Wyoming State's symbols

State Flower: Indian Paintbrush
(Castilleja linariaefolia)
Adopted:January 31, 1917

State Bird: Meadowlark
(Sturnella Neglecta)
Adopted: February 5, 1927

State Reptile: Horned Toad
(Douglassi brevirostre)
Adopted: February 18, 1993

State Tree: Plains Cottonwood
(Populus sargentii)
Adopted:February 1, 1947
Amended: 1961

State Mammal: Bison
(Bison bison)
Adopted:February 23, 1985

State Gemstone:Jade
Adopted:January 25, 1967

State Fish: Cutthroat Trout
(Salmo clarki)
Adopted:February 18, 1987

State Fossil: Knightia
Adopted:February 18, 1987

Wyoming's Economy

The the travel and tourism sector and mineral extraction industry are the main drivers behind Wyoming’s economy. Wyoming does not possess an individual or corporate income tax. The travel and tourism sector and mineral extraction industry are the main backbone of Wyoming’s economy. The tourism industry accounts for over $1 billion in revenue for the state. The Federal government has 42.3% of its land area, while 6% is controlled by the state. Mining production revenue in Wyoming for 2007 was over $14.5 billion. Each year Yellowstone National Park receives three million visitors. The key tourist attractions in Wyoming include Devil’s Tower National Monument, Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National Park, and Fossil Butte National Monument [3].

Wyoming Agriculture

The majority of the State is used for grazing and appears dry most of the time. Development of hardy plants such as grease wood, sagebrush, and short grass takes place due to the lack of soil and adequate moisture. High rate of evaporation and low relative humidity further augments the problem. Dryland farming is carried on successfully in some areas. 42 percent of the State’s total area is privately-owned land, the majority of which is used for grazing, although some is timberland. Including both irrigated and non-irrigated, nearly 4 percent of the State is cultivated cropland. Another 13 percent is covered with forests, while parks and recreational areas take up about 4 percent. Most of the irrigated land is located in the valleys: Tongue, Big Horn, North Platte, Wind River, and Green. Principal crops in the irrigation districts are potatoes, beans, sugar beets, and hay. The principal crops such as wheat, barley, and oats grow on the nonirrigated land [3].

Wyoming Mineral Production

Wyoming’s minerals are crude oil, bed methane, natural gas, coal, coal, and trona. Wyoming produces highest employment through mining in the U.S.

Natural Gas: For natural gas production, Wyoming ranks 5th nationwide. The major markets for natural gas include commercial, industrial, and domestic heating.

Coal Bed Methane (CBM): Natural gas is produced by this methods.

Coal: The state is the number one producer of coal in the U.S. Coal is mainly used to produce electricity.

Crude Oil: Petroleum also used as a motor fuel and producing paints, plastics, and synthetic rubber.

Trona: Wyoming has the largest reserve of trona in the world. Trona is used for water softeners, paper, glass manufacturing, soaps, baking soda, and pharmaceuticals.

Wyoming Government

Wyoming has three distinct branches that are as follows: the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, the judicial branch Wyoming has three distinct branches that are as follows: the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, the judicial branch and state agencies. The state's chief executive is a governor who holds a term of four years after winning election.

The Executive Branch of Wyoming
consists of Governor, Secretary of State, State Auditor, State Treasurer and Superintendent of Public Instruction and state agencies like Health Department, Revenue Department, Insurance Department, Wyoming Department of Family Services, Wyoming Department of Agriculture and Wyoming Department of Transportation etc

Contact Details
State Capitol
200 West 24th Street
Cheyenne, WY 82002-0010
307.777.7434 (phone)
307.632.3909 (fax)

The Judicial Branch consists of District Court, Circuit Courts and the highest court in the State which is known as ‘’Supreme Court’’.

Contact Details
Supreme Court Building
2301 Capitol Avenue
Cheyenne, WY 82002
Phone: 307.777.7509
FAX: 307.777.7240
Email: library@courts.state.wy.us

The Wyoming State Legislature is the state legislature of Wyoming. It is a bicameral legislature, consisting of a 60 member Wyoming House of Representatives, and a 30 member Wyoming State Senate. The legislature meets at the Wyoming State Capitol in Cheyenne [4].

Contact Details
Wyoming Legislature
213 State Capitol Cheyenne
WY 82002 (307) 777-7881
(307) 777-5466 Fax

For more information click here.

Wyoming Taxes

The Wyoming Department of Revenue works toward enforcement of liquor control laws, collection and administration of mineral taxes and the wholesale distribution of alcohol beverages. The mission of the department is to provide efficient and accurate distribution of all sales and to maintain timely deposits on all tax payments received.
Several taxes are:

Personal income tax

The state of Wyoming does not have a personal or corporate income tax. The state does not levy tax on income received from another state and retirement income earned.

Sales taxes

Wyoming has a state sales tax of 4 percent. The Department of Revenue also administers 49 sales and use tax exemptions.Counties may levy up to 3 percent in additional specific purpose, general purpose, and economic development taxes with voter approval.

Personal and real property taxes

Wyoming's property tax rate is 11.5 percent for industrial property and 9.5 percent for commercial, residential and all other property [5].

Contact Details
Wyoming Department of Revenue
122 West 25th Street, 2nd Floor West
Cheyenne, Wyoming 82002-0110
(307) 777-5293

Wyoming's Education

Wyoming Department of Education consists of the Wyoming State Board of EducationWyoming Department of Education consists of the Wyoming State Board of Education, a policy-making body, which makes and implements all policies for all public education in Wyoming. The Department implements federal and state legislative mandates in education.

University of Wyoming

There are approximately 190 areas of study in colleges of Arts and Sciences, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Business, Law and the School of Energy Resources, Engineering and Applied Science, Education and Health Sciences. Graduate study and summer school programs are also available.

Contact Details
1000 E. University Ave. Laramie,
WY 82071 UW
Visit the website
Operators (307) 766-1121

Community Colleges

Laramie County Community College in Cheyenne
Casper College in Casper;
Northwest College in Powell
Sheridan College in Sheridan
Eastern Wyoming College in Torrington
Western Wyoming Community College in Rock Springs
Central Wyoming College in Riverton

Wyoming Department of Transportation

Wyoming Department of Transportation works toward the transportation system of Wyoming.Wyoming Department of Transportation works toward the transportation system of Wyoming. The department manages the safety of bridges, roads, airports, railways and seaports. Wyoming transportation system includes roadway, airways, railways, sea, bus transit, spaceports, and bicycle and pedestrian facilities. For more information click here.

Contact Details
5300 Bishop Blvd.
Cheyenne, WY 82009

Wyoming Department of Health

Wyoming Department of Health organizes many programs in the state to promote health among people and deals with queries related to food or medical insurance. They also collaborate with other departments or agencies to work out the needs for all communities. Wyoming has many health and wellness benefit services for citizens to encourage safety and security among them. Wyoming benefit services include Medicaid, food assistance, child care assistance and cash assistance. For more information click here.

Wyoming Tourism

The world's first and foremost national parkWyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources creates awareness among the visitors about the history, arts and parks of the state. They offer many recreational and educational opportunities. The key tourist attractions in Wyoming include Grand Teton National Park, Yellowstone National Park, Devil’s Tower National Monument, and Fossil Butte National Monument. Each year Yellowstone National Park receives three million visitors.

Yellowstone National Park

The world's first and foremost national park. The park features the world's most extensive area of geothermal activity. Thousands of hissing steam vents punctuate valley floors; remnants of a primeval forest buried by volcanic ash; hot springs dot thermal basins; geysers hurl thousands of gallons of boiling water into the air; and petrified tree stumps, stand starkly on eroded mountain sides.

Contact Details
Yellowstone National Park
PO Box 168
Yellowstone National Park,
WY 82190-0168
Visit the website

Grand Teton National Park

Grand Teton is Wyoming's smaller national park and situated in the south of Yellowstone. The Indians called them Teewinot-Many Pinnacles-while the French trappers referred to part of the range as Les Trois Tetons-The Three Breasts.

Contact Details
Grand Teton National Park
P.O. Drawer 170
Moose, WY 83012-0170
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Devils Tower National Monument

Devils Tower played an important role in the legend and folklore of Indian people for centuries and played an important role in the legend and folklore of Indian people.

Contact Details
Hwy 110 Bldg 170
Devils Tower, 82714
WY, United States
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Fossil Butte National Monument

The fossils represent several varieties of perch, as well as other freshwater genera, and several kinds of herring whose descendants now live in the sea.

Contact Details
864 Chicken Creek Rd, Kemmerer,
WY 83101, United States
1 307-877-4455
Visit the website

Contact Details
State Parks and Cultural Resources
Wyoming Dept. of State Parks & Cultural Resources
State Parks & Cultural Resources


  1. Wyoming History
  2. Wyoming Geography
  3. Economy
  4. Government
  5. Taxes
  6. Facts
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